Uganda National Meteorological Authority is the body in charge of weather forecast in Uganda. It produces annual report entailing the weather changes over the year, and the forecast. It is also in charge of releasing daily forecasts for the different major towns in Uganda such as Kampala, Mbarara, Jinja, Mbale, Gulu, Fort portal among other major towns of Uganda.
Uganda’s temperature varies according to seasons and regions. Lying on the equator, Uganda is privileged to be one of the countries with the best weather conditions in the world- all sunny and green; all year round! The country has two rainy seasons: March to May and September to November . However rain can occur anytime through the year including in the dry seasons.
Northern Uganda experiences the highest temperature rates in Uganda. In the morning, temperatures often range from 22˚C to 26˚C, 26˚C to 33˚C from around mid-day to 18 hours in the evening. In the night, temperatures drop from 34˚C to 26˚C
The region is well known for tourism sites including but not limited to; Murchison falls National Park; well known for the scenic beauty of the falls, Kidepo Valley National Park; well known for Cheetahs and Ostriches in Uganda, Mount Morungole; well known for hiking and site seeing, Mount Moroto also known for hiking and site seeing.
Farmers in Northern Uganda are generally dependent on the rainy seasons since irrigation is not a common practice given the fact that most of the farmers survive on substance Agriculture. The abrupt changes in seasons often greatly affect agriculture in the northern region of Uganda, the northern region is well known for both cattle keeping and subsistence farming. It is from this region where the highest produce of Uganda’s Simsim also known as Sesame outside Uganda comes from.
The central region in Uganda composes of Kampala, Wakiso, Mukono, Entebbe and a lot more town. Though when you look critically on the map of Uganda; these towns are in the southern part of Uganda, but because Kampala is the capital, they adopted the term central region for the southern region of Uganda too.
The region experiences the averages temperatures of Uganda ranging from 19˚C in the morning to 27˚C at mid-day. The temperatures often go higher in the afternoon ranging from 27˚C at mid-day to 32˚C on the hottest day. However on average, the highest temperature is often 29˚C. From around 18 hours in the evening, the temperature starting dropping up to 19˚C on average while experiencing 17˚C on the coldest morning.
The western region which is the home of mountain gorillas experiences the least temperature in Uganda all year long. Though some towns in the west such as Mbarara, Masaka among others; experience relatively similar weather to that of Kampala/ central region, Kabale and Kisoro experince the least temperature in Uganda.
On average, Kabale experiences 15˚C in the morning, which rises up to 21˚C at mid-day, the temperature then increases upto 23˚C on average while the highest being 24˚C. Kabale during the wet season experiences up to a minimum of 10˚C on the coldest morning, while experiencing not more than 20˚C during the day.
The eastern region which has towns such as Mbale the home of the Imbalu, is relatively hotter on some days than Kampala. In the morning on average, the temperature ranges from 19˚C up to 34˚C on the hottest day. The region experiences 19˚C in the morning during the wet season and up to 28˚C in the afternoon.
Putting in consideration the seasons, the best time to visit Uganda, would be in the months of January, February, June, July and August while all the other remaining months are considered rainy seasoned months. Though the rain shores remain unpredictable even in what has been termed as dry seasons, you are rest assured that the rain will not interrupt your schedules like in the other months