There are over 15 wildlife reserves in Uganda, ten of these are national game parks located in not less than 100 kilometers and from Kampala.
1. Murchison Falls National park
Murchison falls national park is the largest national park in Uganda seated on 3893 square kilometers, it is well known for the Murchison falls and harboring the big five game of Africa. The park is located in the north western park of Uganda, about 290 kilometers away from Kampala city center. Besides the big five, it harbors a population of 76 mammals and 450 bird species.
2. Queen Elizabeth National Park
The park is the second biggest national park in Uganda located in the south western part of the country, about 400 kilometers from Kampala. Though Murchison falls national park seems to be bigger in size(3893 square kilometers) compared to queen Elizabeth National park (1978 square kilometers), there are 95 mammals species and 612 bird species in Queen Elizabeth National park.
The park is well known for the tree climbing lion in Ishasha, Leopards in the Mweya peninsula, Lake Katwe which is a huge volcano crater.
3. Kidepo Valley National Park
The only Ugandan national park that has made it on the Cnn top eight African destinations is seated on 1442 square kilometers, north East of Uganda about 420 kilometers away from the capital Kampala. However some visitors opt for a flight to this third biggest National park in the country which can be arranged on booking. When to comes to semi-arid scenery, there is no park in Uganda that matches Kidepo Valley National Park. Due to its long distance from Kampala, the park is one of the least visited sites in Uganda.
In Uganda, the park is a monopoly of cheetahs, greater and lesser kudu, mountain reedbuck, Guenther’s dik-dik, and caracals. The Savannah vegetation in this park has not hindered five species of the Ugandan primates to make kidepo Valley national park their home.
4. Mountain Elgon National Park
Mountain Elgon National park is the fourth biggest national park following Kidepo National Park, it is located in the eastern Part of Uganda, next to Mbale District. The park is well known for harboring the highest falls in Uganda, also known as Sipi falls. It was a wonderful place for hiking and bird watching
5. Mountain Rwenzori National Park
Mountain Rwenzori National park is the fifth biggest national park in Uganda seated on 998 square kilometers and UNESCO world heritage site since 1994. The park has the third highest mountain peak in Africa with many water falls and glaciers. The park is also well known for it unique mountainous vegetation.
The park is found in Kasese and Bundibugyo districts in western Uganda about 310 kilometers from Kampala. It is a wonderful site for hiking, mountain climbing, birding, and tracking many mountainous animal species in Uganda.
6. Kibale Forest National Park
Kibale Forest National park is the sixth biggest national park in Uganda, it is located in western Uganda near fort portal town about 320 kilometers from Kampala. The park is home to 70 mammal species which also include the chimpanzees. For anyone interested in chimpanzee tracking, Kibale is the ideal destination.
7. Bwindi Impenetrable National Park
The park is one of the UNESCO heritage sights in Uganda, being a home of 325 of the remaining 770 Gorillas in the whole world. It is seated on 331 square kilometers in the southwestern part of Uganda, it is also known for the tropical rain forest vegetation.
8. Lake Mburo National Park
The park is located between Masaka town and Mbarara a 3-4 hours drive from Kampala. It is the nearest national park from Kampala and the eighth biggest national park in Uganda seated on 260 square kilometers. The park is a home to over 29 Antelope species and over 300 bird species.
9. Semiliki Forest National Park
The park is seated on 194 square kilometers, in western Uganda. The park was created in 1932 and till today, it is known for its lowland tropical forests. The park is a home to 57 mammal species and 441 bird species.
10. Mgahinga Gorilla National Park
Mgahinga is the smallest national park in Uganda seated on only 33 square kilometers, it is located in southwestern Uganda on the boarder of Uganda, Rwanda and Democratic republic of Congo. It was gazetted as a national park in 1991.
It is the furtherest national park in Uganda located 540 kilometers away from the capital, though the park is mainly known for gorilla tracking, it is home to 13 mammals including the endangered golden Monkey.
Other wildlife reserves include;
- Piane Upe Game Reserve (2788 Square kilometers)
- Budongo Forest Reserve (825 square kilometers)
- Mabira Forest Reserve (306 square kilometers)
- Katonga Wildlife Reserve (211 square kilometers)
- Kalinzu Forest Reserve (147 square kilometers)
- Uganda wildlife conservation Education center
- Ziwa Rhino sanctuary